Bodiam Castle, which dates from the late 14th century, is a stunning rectangular castle completely surrounded by
a spring-fed moat. Researchers believe that the “castle” was built for
appearance, but not for defensive reasons, as its curtain walls are quite
narrow. Its look, however is gorgeous.
See the National Trust's official website for more
Dover Castle in Kent is located on a historic site.
The location was once housed an Iron Age fortification and, then, a Roman
lighthouse. Later the location was the site of a castle built by
William the Conqueror. The present imposing structure was begun
by Henry II and dates from the late 12th century. Once called the “Key of
England” the castle was enlarged and strengthened by King John and Henry
III. Early in its history a tunnel complex was built and the tunnels
later served an important role during WWII. See this site by English
Heritage for more information on
Warwick castle was originally built by William the
Conqueror and dates from the late 11th century. It has had numerous
renovations and additions over the years. Warwick is a large castle and often
compared to Windsor Castle. It was owned by the Earl of Warwick and was symbolic
of the his power. The Castle was purchased by the Tassaud Group in 1978 and
is now more of a theme park rather than historical monument. However,
you might enjoy touring it, especially with your family. See the
official website for Warwick Castle for more
Home to the British monarchs, Windsor Castle has been
an official residence and fortress over the last 900 years. It is regarded
as the largest and longest occupied castle in the world. The original castle
was built by William the Conqueror, although that castle was torn down and
rebuilt by Edward III in the 14th century.
The present edifice is the result of almost continual re-design, extension and modification over the succeeding centuries.
Most modifications enhanced the
magnificence of the castle complex. although much of
the beauty can be found in the interior of the castle. Although this is one
of the principal residences of the Royal Family various parts of the castle
are open to the public and can be toured.
For more information see the official website of the
Royal Collection and the section of the official website of the British
Royal Residences .
Arundel Castle dates from mid 11th century and the reign of
Edward the Confessor, although significant changes were made to the
complex over the centuries. The castle has been the seat
of the Dukes of Norfolk for 9 centuries.
It was damaged in the English Civil War Both by the Royalists and
Cromwell’s Parliamentarians, although
restored at a much later date. It has impressive interior collections.
Be sure to see the Gothic Fitzalan Chapel, burial place of the Dukes of Norfolk.
See official website of Arundel Castle for more
Located in Bamburgh, Northumberland (near the border
with Scotland) this castle sits on the shore of the North Sea atop an outcrop
of basalt. Thought to have been fortified since the 5th or 6th century, the
present structure was built by the Normans in the late 11th century. The
castle was the site of numerous battles and was the first English castle to
be defeated by artillery in the mid-15th century. The castle was eventually
restored and is known for its unique coastal setting
For more history and information on visiting, see the
website. The castle is open only spring through fall, as it is a
private residence of the Armstrong family, so be sure to check its
availability for touring.
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