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Luxembourg CityThe capital of Luxembourg is "out of the way" and usually not on the route to anywhere
else in tourist Europe. Many visitors travel from Brussels, which is a
three-hour ride on an InterCity (IC) train. The city has
a scenic physical setting, good food and pleasant people Although
Luxembourg City's attractions are limited, they are of historic significance.
Unless it is raining heavily (which is common), the town and its
attractions are walkable from the train station.
If it is raining, buy a bus pass at the train
station. An all-day pass can be purchased for approximately 5 Euros.
Sights in Luxembourg City
Walk to the Old Town from the train station by hoofing
it up the Avenue de la Gare. There are some terrific pastry shops on this
route but the ones in the "Old City" are even better.
The bridge (The Viaduct) across the valley of the
Petrusse River provides delightful views of the lush valley and
remnants of the Fortress.
Luxembourg City was known for its incredible
defensive Fortress started in the 900’s and added on as the
centuries passed. The Fortress was considered "The Gibraltar of the
North" by other countries and seems to have served as a magnet for
invasion during a period lasting several hundred years.
It is somewhat ironic that Luxembourg was
guaranteed its independence by the second Treaty of London in 1867,
that required demolition of the Fortress.
The remains of the Fortress, particularly its
casemates (tunnels reputed to have extended 24 miles in length
under the city), are one of the town’s main attractions but they are only
open during the summer tourist season. Due to safety issues, only limited sections of the
tunnels are available for touring.
Wenzel’s Walk, a well-marked route that
starts at the Bock Casemates on the Montée de Claussen, provides
access to the casemates and a tour that is described as a thousand
years of history in ninety minutes.
A second area to view the casemates is at the
Petrusse Casemates at the Place del al Constitution, across from
Cathédrale Notre-Dame on the Boulevard Franklin D. Roosevelt. The
stairs into the valley are steep and long, so be prepared for some
The city’s Old Town is small but attractive and
features quality shopping.
- The Grand-Ducal Palace, a modest building on the
outside, is a short block away from the Place Guillaume where various
markets are held during the week.
- The town’s two best churches (Notre Dame and St.
Michael’s) are unremarkable with Notre Dame being relatively new.
- Aspects of the town history can be seen at the
Musée National d’Historie et d’Art Luxembourg which can be found by
turning left at the Grand-Ducal Palace and turning right at Rue de la Boucherie – the museum will be on your left.
- The pastries and food in Luxembourg City are excellent
and you should plan on a meal or two. At the very least, stop in for a tea
or cappuccino and an tasty dessert.
Best places to visit in
For more information on visiting Luxembourg City and its attractions, try
official tourism website,
which offers additional details on our recommended best places to visit, as
well as details on locations that did not make our list.
For country facts on Luxembourg, as well as travel information related to visas,
driving rules, safety, medical conditions, visas and other travel-related
information, see this page on
Luxembourg Travel from the Bureau of Consular Affairs of the U.S. State
Department. Regardless of your home country, we think you will find the
information provided to be useful when planning a trip to Luxembourg.
If you need information about another travel destination, try
our Destination Guide Index
or Googling ThereArePlaces.